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《China Population,Resources and Environment》 2014-01
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A Comparative Study of Countries' Carbon Responsibilities for Carbon Emission in Open Economy

XU Ying-zhi;GUO Jin;Southeast University of Economics and Management;  
In open economy,the measurement of embodied carbon emission in international trade is the foundation of scientific definition of responsibility for carbon emission of each country. This paper applied a multi-regional input-output model to measure embodied carbon emission of 25 WTO member countries including China,then measured each country's responsibility for carbon emission based on shared responsibility principle,and compared it with what based on producer responsibility principle. The results indicate that the characteristics of present carbon emissions differ in each country and the shared responsibility principle is more fair and effective in defining countries' responsibilities for carbon emission. China is the one whose producer responsibility is in the first place and consumer responsibility is in the second place among developing countries. China's producer responsibility is 1. 4 times as much as that of the U. S.,however,China's consumer responsibility is only one-tenth as much as that of the U. S.. China and the U. S. are the countries with the greatest responsibilities for carbon emission in producer responsibility principle and shared producer responsibility principle respectively. At the same time China is also the country with the biggest reduction of responsibility for carbon emission in shared responsibility principle. Resource endowment,economic development and trade structure are the main reasons leading to the characteristics of China's responsibility for carbon emission. Finally,there are some relevant policies and suggestions about how to define China's responsibility for carbon emission as well as how to reduce carbon emission in open economy.
【Fund】: 國家社會科學基金重大項目“我國產業生態經濟系統優化與運行機制研究”(編號:12&ZD207);; 國家社科基金項目“開放經濟條件我國碳減排責任動態研究”(編號:11BJY066);; 江蘇省哲學社會科學研究基地重點項目“江蘇縣域科學發展績效評價研究”(編號:10JD011);; 江蘇省高校哲學社會科學研究重點項目“江蘇省大學科技園與地方高新園區協同創新體制機制研究”(編號:2013ZDIXM029);; 中央高校基本科研業務費專項資金項目“我國生態文明建設策略和機制研究”(編號:3214003308)
【CateGory Index】: X196
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?2006 Tsinghua Tongfang Knowledge Network Technology Co., Ltd.(Beijing)(TTKN) All rights reserved
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