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《China Population,Resources and Environment》 2013-11
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Assigning the Shared Carbon Emission Responsibility in International Trade

ZHAO Ding-tao;YANG Shu;School of Management,University of Science and Technology of China;  
The assignment of embodied carbon emission responsibility in international trade is highly related with the equity of international carbon emission reduction framework and domestic economic interests. Based on the principle of"shared responsibility", an allocation model of carbon emission responsibility named SCR is proposed in this study. The carbon emission responsibility is allocated among the industry itself,the downstream producers and the final consumers in an industrial chain. Further,we select three key industries in China's export trade to calculate the carbon responsibility between trading nations. Our results show that it reflects the consistency of benefit and responsibility that the export and import countries share the responsibility together. China will be responsible for 50%- 80% of the total carbon emissions in these industries and the rest shares are assigned to corresponding import countries. The responsibility shares are mainly decided by the value-added of different industries. The lower the industrial value-added are,the more responsibility the import countries should take.
【Fund】: 國家自然科學基金項目“基于消費行為的碳足跡測定及演化機理研究”(編號:71171183);; 教育部人文社會科學項目“生活方式轉型與環境技術創新互動機制研究”(編號:10YJA790260)
【CateGory Index】: F752;F205
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