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《World Economy Study》 2013-06
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China's Emission Responsibility and Trade-embodied Emissions: a MRIO Approach

Yan Yunfeng Zhao Zhongxiu Wang Ran  
The CO 2 emissions embodied in international trade have significant impact on climate change and related policy issues.Active recent interest has been given to quantifying the environmental impacts of international trade for China due to it being the world's largest CO 2 emitter and having large recent growth in international trade.Developing a framework based on multiregional input-output approach,the paper analyzes the CO 2 emissions embodied in China's international trade and compares two inventories to account the international emission responsibility of China from 1995 to 2009.It finds that China's CO 2 emissions balance has increased from 450Mt in 1995 to 1123Mt in 2007 and decreased to 902Mt in 2009.China's production-based emissions were 2923Mt in 1995 and increased to 7083Mt in 2009,while its consumption-based emissions were approximately 2473Mt in 1995 and 6182Mt in 2009.The term of trade on CO 2 emission used to explain one cause of the result.By applying structural decomposition analysis on a global environmentally extended MRIO model,the paper quantified the drive behind the change of the emissions embodied in China's international trade.Then,the term of trade on CO 2 emission used to explain one cause of the result.Besides,the CO 2 emissions balance by trade partners was also compared.The results show that international trade had significant impact on China's CO 2 emissions.It suggests that national emission account system should consider the emissions transfer via international trade to ensure the effect of climate policies.
【Fund】: 國家自然科學青年基金(71103066);; 教育部哲社重大課題攻關項目(11JZD025);; 教育部人文社會科學青年基金(11YJC790226);; 上海市社科規劃一般課題(2012BGL004);; 上海市教育委員會科研創新項目(13YS050);; 中國博士后科學基金特別資助(2012T50073);中國博士后科學基金(2011M500268);; 上海海事大學科研基金(220120114)的資助
【CateGory Index】: F752;X196;F224
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