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《Urban Planning Forum》 2019-04
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Paradigm Shift: Shared Mobility and the Response from Urban Planning and Governance

YAN Longxun;REN Xiyuan;WANG De;Carlo Ratti;  
Mobility is one of the fundamental source of urban vibrancy.Two paradigm shifts exist in history:one is the transformation from horse-drawn vehicles to electric street cars,and the other is the rise of private automobiles.Although private cars satisfy most travel requirements,the car-based paradigm is becoming more and more unsustainable.The emerging shared mobility paradigm,enabled by the information and communication technologies,is to serve urban trips with on-demand services based on shared vehicles.This paper first introduces the concept,type,and the significance of shared mobility.Then we provide a literature review of shared mobility,including topics of potential benefits evaluation,adverse effects,and technical exploration.Finally,we argue that shared mobility requires a collaborative governance between public sectors,enterprises,and the public,and we should pursue the new paradigm and seek a sustainable shift that reflect the values of transportation efficiency,environmental quality,and social equity.
【Fund】: 國家自然科學基金項目“基于手機信令數據的居民行為空間結構與模式研究”(項目批準號:41771170)
【CateGory Index】: TU984
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