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《Urban Planning Forum》 2018-06
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On the GaWC World City List and Its Application in China

In the last decade,as China advanced to the second largest economy in the world, more and more Chinese cities had deeply integrated into the global urban network with their position becoming increasingly prominent. Accordingly,some cities are listed as important world or global cities in a series of world city ranking system, such as the one produced by "Globalization and World Cities Research Network"(GaWC). Being greatly inspired by the list, these cities tend to identify their niche and make their urban development strategies by referring to the ranks. However, by taking the GaWC world city list as an example and tracing its theoretical basis, the paper argues that the applicability of these rankings in explaining Chinese city-region development is problematic. It is explained that the current concerns about world city ranking is largely attributable to conventional theories of the "national city hierarchy"; the GaWC list, however, is inbued with the idea of "de-hierarchy". In addition, the pathway for Chinese city-regions to achieve global status is paved with efforts of cooperation and collaboration.Therefore, rather than overly emphasizing the competition of "ranking", it is more sensible for cities to precisely find their position in the network of labor division and establish close functional links with other cities, so as to connect with urban network at the regional, national or global scales. Only by embedding themselves in their respective city-region and nation, can Chinese cities improve their significance in the world city system.
【Fund】: 國家自然科學基金青年基金項目“新型城鎮化語境下的全球城市區域空間組織研究——以長江三角洲為例”(項目編號:51608367)
【CateGory Index】: F299.2;TU984
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?2006 Tsinghua Tongfang Knowledge Network Technology Co., Ltd.(Beijing)(TTKN) All rights reserved
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