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《Urban Planning Forum》 2015-05
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The Transformation from Greenfield-Based Planning to Redevelopment Planning:Theoretical Analysis and Practical Strategies

ZOU Bing;  
The transformation of urban planning from greenfield-based plan to redevelopment plan starts from the changes of land use patterns which implies changes of land property rights and transaction costs in the allocation of spatial resources.Different from greenfield-based planning which is a technical exercise with zero transaction cost,the spatial design and property right issues are in tricately related in redevelopment planning.Redevelopment planning involves both spatial design and institution design.This transformation requires a significant change in thinking and planning methods.First,the purpose of master plans has to shift from "determining supply according to demand" to "adjusting demand according to supply," and the priorities and methods of spatial control,structural layout and scale control have to be adjusted accordingly.Second,regulatory plan should show more respect to the interests of property owners,and pay more attention to land status and planning process.Third,infrastructure planning should emphasize on system improvement and efficiency enhancement.At the same time,the planning transition will bring challenge to the current planning management system,and may lead to a great revolution of national and local planning management system and operation mechanism.For example,the national approval system of master plans may be decentralized,the local planning management system may be decentralized,and planning and design institutions may become more diversified that include more,market-oriented and community-based entities.At the end,the paper draws a conclusion of the influence of the transition on planning studies,establishment and management.
【CateGory Index】: TU984
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