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《Acta Scicentiarum Naturalum Universitis Pekinesis》 2001-06
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A Study of Multifractal Measures of the Spatial Structureof the Urban System in Central Plains

CHEN Yanguang ZHOU Yixing (Department of Urban and Environmental Sciences,Peking University, Beijing, 100871)  
The study is made of the spatial structure of the systems of cities and towns in Central Plains,mainly including North Henan,China,using the theory of multifractals.By means of the box counting method and μ-weight formulae,we calculate the values of the Lipschitz-Hlder exponent α(q),the fractal dimension of the support of singularities f(α),the sequence of mass exponent τ(q),and the dimensions of fractal measures D q of the urban systems in the studied area.The resultant values show that there is a scaling breakdown in the f(α) curve as well as the spectrum of fractal dimensions D q when the moment order q≈-1,where q c=-1 perhaps is a critical value for q,i.e.,the multifractals come on well when q∈[0,∞),as for q≤-1,the multifractal measures are abnormal (dysplasia or hypolasia):the f(α) curve and the D q function cannot converge,which maybe implies a sort of phase transition from a rural to urban settlement system during the course of regional urbanization.This research demonstrates that the spatial structure of urban systems can be characterized with multifractal geometry, and moreover, wavelet transformation can be used to analyse the multifractal structure of urban systems.
【Fund】: 國家自然科學基金 ( 4 97710 3 2 );; 河南省自然科學基金 ( 974 0 712 0 0 )資助項目
【CateGory Index】: K928.5
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